CAFOD is asking European leaders and the Afghan government to ensure girls have access to education at a special two-day meeting of 70 foreign ministers.
Dominic Carroll, CAFOD's Country Representative for Afghanistan, told Premier some steps have been made but women are often excluded from progress.
He said: "It's important that this progress continues, so that women who are often marginalised and don't necessarily have access to make a living, are able to provide for themselves, to earn money, and also to have a voice in decision making."
Dominic Carroll went on: "World leaders need to be aware of the deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan that has led to more than a million internally displaced people, unemployment rates of 40% and the highest levels of civilian casualties since 2009."
He told Premier what Christians can pray for: "Keep the people of Afghanistan in their thoughts and in their prayers... and to pray for an enhancement of the peace process."
Palwasha Hassan, Director of CAFOD's partner the Afghan Women's Educational Centre (AWEC), said women are key to helping Afghanistan thrive again.
"Peace and security is especially important for women's public roles in Afghanistan," she said.
"When instability occurs, the first thing that happens is that women are told to stay at home and children are kept away from school.
"But women have an important role to play in rebuilding Afghanistan and securing peace".
She added: "Peace is never real without an inclusive, equal society."
Listen to Premier's Hannah Tooley speak to Dominic Carroll here: