The Bishop of Rochester was admitted by Medway NHS Foundation Trust in Kent for a bowel procedure.
Rt Rev James Langstaff revealed that a tumour was removed from the upper rectum area on Friday.
In a message posted on Twitter, the Anglican leader expressed gratitude to his surgeon, anaesthetists and the team High Dependency Unit team.
Rt Rev Christine Hardman, the Bishop of Newcastle, responded: "Prayers of thanksgiving and prayers will continue for the journey to full recovery."
The Bishop of Liverpool, Rt Rev Paul Bayes tweeted: "Get well soon. Prayers and love from Liverpool."
It is unknown when Bishop James plans to return to work. Premier has contacted the Diocese of Rochester for information.
Prayers of thanksgiving and prayers will continue for the journey to full recovery.— Christine Hardman (@BishopNewcastle) February 12, 2019
Bishop James has been the Bishop of Rochester since November 2010. He previously served as the suffragan Bishop in Norfolk.
Rectal tumours are the most common forms of bowel cancer, according to Cancer Research UK.
Love and prayers x— Bishop of Repton (@BpRepton) February 11, 2019
Approximately 41,700 cases of bowel cancer are diagnosed in the UK every year.
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