A new report has detailed the financial woes of persecuted Christians in Iran.
The report, co-authored by persecution watchdog Open Doors has found that Iranian Christians paid almost £1m in bail fees over the last year.
The report claims that for many of those arrested, the charges against them were simply that they had attended church.
It adds that Christians are being hit with excessive fees to stay out of prison – with some even having to surrender deeds for their homes in order to foot the bill.
Dr David Landrum, director of advocacy at Open Doors UK and Ireland said: “At least 115 Iranian Christians were arrested on grounds of religious activities or their Christian identity in 2020,” he said.
“Simply going to a house church is treated as a threat to national security.
“Christians - particularly converts from Islam - continued to be targeted for their faith.
“This repression stops Christians in Iran living a normal life, free from fear.”
The report has been published by religious-freedom organisations Article 18, Open Doors, Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW) and Middle East Concern (MEC).
In one case, fees for four Christians came to seven billion tomans, about £159,500, each - the most ever demanded for an Iranian Christian’s bail. The minimum annual salary in Iran is about £1,000.
The judge reportedly told them: “Your actions are worthy of death! Who set this low bail amount for you [it was 800 million tomans previously], so you could be free to roam about on the streets?”
The report states overall, in 2020, Christians detained over national security allegations had to pay a total of £868,169 to be granted bail.
In another case of persecution two Christian converts Sam Khosravi and wife Maryam Falahi lost custody of their daughter, Lydia who they had adopted from an orphanage in 2019 when she was just three months old.
"We have looked after our daughter for nearly two years,” they said. "Even the judge admitted an 'intense emotional tie' has been established between us.
“After taking her away, based on their own assessment, Lydia will face an 'uncertain future', yet they insist on separating us from one another.
“This will have an immense emotional toll on all of us, and most importantly on Lydia.”
In other trends tracked by the group of charities, Christians in Iran have faced pressure to renounce their faith; been tortured and have suffered inhumane interrogation techniques; been confronted with continued harassment and surveillance and have been dealt false and harsh sentences.
“Christians Youhan Omidi and Saheb Fadaie were flogged with 80 lashes each this last year – for the crime of drinking communion wine,” said Mansour Borji, Article18’s advocacy director.
“The disturbing reality is that the state increasingly resorts to more violent methods to marginalise, dehumanise, and eliminate unrecognised Christians, such as converts and those who seek to mentor them in their newfound faith.”